Nabak kimchi is a mild Korean water kimchi made with cabbage, radish and carrot. This kimchi doesn’t require fish sauce and use very little amount of chili flakes. It’s a perfectly vegan and vegetarian kimchi.

Kimchi seasoning is kept inside of a linen cloth in the nabak kimchi.

Have you ever heard kimchi called, Nabak Kimchi? It is a mild Korean water kimchi (mul-kimchi, 물김치) made with cabbage, radish and other vegetables mingled in delicious yet pungent kimchi broth.

This kimchi doesn’t use any fish sauce or any fish product, just like vegan kimchi, so you can serve as vegan or vegetarian friends or people with a seafood allergy. It is also very mild in spiciness, so even the young children who are not accustomed to the spiciness can enjoy the goodness of kimchi.

What is Nabak kimchi?

The word “nabak (나박)” comes from the shape of sliced cabbage and radish. Koreans call the technique of slicing vegetables to a thin squarish shape “nabak-nabak”. Don’t you just love the way it sounds? nabak-nabak?

Nabak Kimchi is a mild Korean water kimchi.

This nabak kimchi is one of the simplest kimchi recipes you can make. Just by looking at the picture of my Nabak kimchi makes my mouth water because my brain remembers how it tastes.

If you have some leftover cabbage and small piece of Korean radish you can whip this up quite fast, although you need to let this kimchi ferment for a few days before you eat.

You are getting very good source of healthy bacteria without much heat. And this kimchi brings light and refreshing flavor, it often accompanies to a heavy main course of my best Korean recipes.

How to make Korean water kimchi (nabak kimchi)

Tender cabbage is cut with a knife.

For the cabbage, I suggest to use more yellowish tender parts of cabbage such as cabbage heart about 12-14 cabbage leaves. Slice into 1″ pieces but discard the bottom end (4-5 inches) of leafy part of cabbage.

Korean radish is thinly sliced into thin square pieces.

Slice your radish in nabak style, about 1-inch size with 1/8-inch thickness. Can you manage that?

tutorial-3Cabbage and radish slices are sprinkled with salt.

Combine the cabbage and radish in a bowl and sprinkle 1 tablespoon salt over, toss. Let them sit for 30 minutes. Rinse once and place in a large container.

Thin rice paste is made with rice flower and water in a pot.

Meanwhile make thin rice paste: whisk in 1 tablespoon of sweet rice flour with 1 cup of water. Bring it to gentle boil and cook until it thickens, about 3-5 minutes. Remove from the heat and let it cool.

A Korean pear is peeled, seeded, and diced.

Dice onion and Asian pear into chunks. Peel garlic and ginger.

Onion, Korean pear, garlic, and ginger are pureed in a mini blender.

Combine onion, pear, garlic, and ginger in a blender and puree until very smooth.

Korean chili flakes and rice paste are added to onion pear puree in a bowl.

In a small mixing bowl, mix chili flakes, the onion puree mixture, and the rice glue.

A piece of linen cloth is used to strain the kimchi filling.

If you have a piece of loosely weaved linen, cotton, or even a large coffee filter, it will be very useful. Just pour the chili mixture over…

If you don’t have any of those, use a fine strainer to strain out the juice.

A piece of cloth holding kimchi filling inside is twisted to extract the moisture.

You can twist the linen to strain the juice. This step will get rid of the fibers from the onion and the pear, and yield smoother and cleaner kimchi broth later on. Pour the juice over the cabbage and radish mixture in a container.

A linen sack of kimchi filling is placed on top of cabbage and radish in a bowl.

Or you can tie with a string and add to the cabbage and the radish directly. The mixture inside the sash will continue to ooze the juice out as the kimchi ferments.

A bottle of mineral water is poured on to make water kimchi.

Pour 1 liter of water to the mixture. I highly suggest to use mineral spring water rather than tap water for this recipe. Because water is an important ingredient in this kimchi and you want to use good drinking water to make the difference.

The water is turning to beautiful color of water kimchi

Add thinly sliced carrots, red chili, and green onion to the kimchi. You will need to add some salt to season. Season according to your taste but not too much. Remember you can always add more salt later on. (If you taste the kimchi now, you will be quite disappointed because it just doesn’t taste good. But patience and the faith will pay you back later on)

Cover with a lid and let this kimchi to sit on the room temperature for 2 days, then store in the fridge for at least 3 days. Basically you can enjoy the pungent yet refreshing flavor of this water kimchi about five days after.

How to enjoy Korean water kimchi

The cabbage and the radish will stay crisp all the way to the end and the kimchi broth is something that makes your mouth water. Serve this kimchi as a side dish or along with many types of Korean BBQ. It will brighten up your taste palette.

Another way to enjoy this kimchi is serving with simple vermicelli. Simply cook the noodles, rinse out with cold water, then pour over this nabak kimchi and mix together to serve. It makes a wonderful light meal, and also perfect for a vegan or vegetarian diet.

I made the cold noodle soup with nabak kimchi for a quick lunch for myself and it was delish! I can definitely see how refreshing it will be during the hot summer season. Hope you get to try it.

Simple vermicelli noodles are made with Korean water kimchi (nabak kimchi).
Kimchi seasoning is kept inside of a linen cloth in the nabak kimchi.

Nabak Kimchi (Korean Water Kimchi)

Nabak kimchi is a mild Korean water kimchi made with cabbage and other vegetables. It doesn't require fish sauce and uses very little chili flakes. It's a great vegan and vegetarian kimchi and refreshingly tasty.
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  • 12-14 napa cabbage leaves
  • 3/4 lb Korean radish
  • 1 tbsp kosher salt
  • 1 small carrot, thinly sliced (about 1/8″ thick)
  • 2 green onion, sliced
  • 1 fresh red chili, thinly sliced, optional
  • kosher salt or sea salt to taste
  • cheesecloth, or linen cloth
  • a piece of string or yarn, about 12-inch long
  • 1 liter natural spring water

For rice paste

For kimchi seasoning



  • Slice the cabbage leaves into 1" slices discarding the bottom 4-5 inch of leafy parts. Cut the thick white stem parts in half lengthwise, if needed.
  • Slice the radish into about 1-inch square with 1/8" thickness.
  • Combine the cabbage and radish slices in a large bowl and sprinkle salt; toss well. Let it sit for 25-30 minutes. Rinse once and drain. Set aside.
  • For the rice paste, mix sweet rice flour with 1 cup of water in a small sauce pan over medium heat. Bring it to boil, and simmer for 2-3 minutes to thicken. Let it cool.
  • For the kimchi seasoning, combine onion, garlic, and pear in a blender and process until very smooth. Transfer the puree into a mixing bowl. Add pureed ginger, Korean chili flakes and the rice glue. Stir well.
  • Line a cheesecloth (or linen cloth) over a bowl and pour the kimchi seasoning mixture to the center of the fabric. Gather up the cloth and tie it with a string tightly.
  • In a large container put the cabbage and radish mixture, add the carrot, green onion, and the red chili. Place the chili sash in one corner of the container with a string hanging over, pour the spring water over in the container and toss well. Gently squeeze the sash to release the juice out of the chili mixture.
  • Season kimchi broth with salt to your taste. Cover and let it sit in a room temperature for 2 days to ferment first, then keep it in the refrigerator for 3 days before you serve.
Did you make this recipe?Tag @beyondkimchee on Instagram. I love to see your masterpiece.